History of Hats: From Ancient Times to Modern Fashion - Maves Apparel

History of Hats: From Ancient Times to Modern Fashion

Muhammad Saleem Shahzad

Hats have been a part of human attire for thousands of years, and they have played various roles throughout history. From providing protection against harsh weather to symbolizing social status, hats have been worn by people from all walks of life. In this article, we will explore the history of hats, from their origins in ancient times to their role in modern fashion.

Origins of Hats

The history of hats dates back to the prehistoric era when people started covering their heads with animal hides to protect themselves from the elements. The first known hat was discovered in a Bronze Age tomb in Denmark, dating back to around 3500 BC. This hat was made of bearskin and featured a chin strap to keep it in place.

Old Middle Ages Hat

Hats in Ancient Civilizations

The ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans all wore hats for different purposes. In Egypt, headwear was used to symbolize social status, and the pharaohs often wore ornate headdresses to denote their power. The Greeks wore a variety of hats, including the pilos, a conical cap worn by soldiers, and the petasos, a wide-brimmed hat worn by travellers. The Romans also wore a variety of hats, including the pileus, a felt cap worn by freed slaves.

Medieval Hats

During the Middle Ages, hats continued to serve practical purposes, such as providing protection against the sun and rain. The most common hats during this time were the coif, a close-fitting cap worn by both men and women and the hood, a loose-fitting garment that covered the head and shoulders.

Renaissance Hats

In the Renaissance era, hats became more elaborate and were often used to display wealth and social status. The most popular style was the beret, a soft, round hat that was often made of velvet or silk. Other popular styles included the flat cap and the tricorne, a three-cornered hat that was worn by men of all social classes.

18th Century Hats

In the 18th century, hats continued to be a symbol of social status, with different styles being worn by different classes. The top hat, for example, was a popular style among wealthy men, while the bonnet was a popular style among women. The bicorne, a two-cornered hat that was often worn by military officers, also became popular during this time.

Victorian Era Hats

During the Victorian era, hats became even more elaborate and were often decorated with feathers, flowers, and other adornments. Women's hats, in particular, became larger and more ornate, with the introduction of styles such as the bonnet, the toque, and the cartwheel hat.

Hats in the 20th Century

In the 20th century, hats continued to evolve with changing fashion trends. During the 1920s, for example, cloche hats were popular among women, while men often wore fedoras. During the 1960s, hats became less popular, and people began to wear them primarily for practical purposes, such as to protect against the sun or cold weather.


Modern Hats

Hats in Modern Fashion

In recent years, hats have made a comeback in the world of fashion, with designers incorporating them into their runway shows and collections. From the classic fedora to the trendy beanie, there is a hat style for every occasion and outfit. Hats are now used to make a fashion statement and express one's personal style.

The Role of Hats Today

While hats are no longer a necessity for protection against the elements, they continue to serve practical purposes such as providing shade from the sun and warmth during cold weather. Additionally, hats can be used to express one's personality and add an element of style to any outfit.

Different Types of Hats

There are countless types of hats, each with its own unique style and purpose. Some popular styles include the baseball cap, fedora, beanie, bucket hat, and sun hat. The style of hat you choose can say a lot about your personality and fashion sense.

Famous Hat-Wearers Throughout History

Many famous people wore hats throughout history. Some examples include Abraham Lincoln's stovepipe hat, Indiana Jones' fedora, and Princess Diana's fascinator. These hats have become synonymous with the individuals who wore them and have become iconic in their own right.

Hat Care and Maintenance

To ensure your hats last, as long as possible, it's important to take care of them properly. This may include storing them in a cool, dry place and cleaning them regularly. Different types of hats require different care instructions, so it's important to read the label and follow the manufacturer's instructions.

The Future of Hats

As fashion continues to evolve, so too will the trends and styles of hats. However, it's likely that hats will continue to be a popular accessory for years to come, as they offer both practical benefits and a way to express one's personal style.

Fashion with Classic Hat


From their humble beginnings as a way to protect against the elements, hats have evolved into a fashion accessory that serves a variety of purposes. Throughout history, hats have been used to symbolize social status, protect against the elements, and make a fashion statement. Today, hats continue to be a popular accessorising item and will likely remain so for years to come.


What is the oldest known hat?

The oldest known hat was discovered in a Bronze Age tomb in Denmark and dates back to around 3500 BC.

What is the purpose of wearing a hat?

Hats can serve a variety of purposes, including protecting against the sun and cold weather, making a fashion statement, and expressing one's personal style.

How do you care for a hat?

To care for a hat, it's important to follow the manufacturer's instructions, which may include storing it in a cool, dry place and cleaning it regularly.

Back to blog

Leave a comment

Please note, comments need to be approved before they are published.


This article was written by Muhammad Saleem Shahzad, Managing Editor of Fashion and Manufacturing. With more than a decade of experience in the Fashion industry, Muhammad reports on breaking news and provides analysis and commentary on all things related to fashion, clothing and manufacturing.